The level of social development of the population of Neolithic settlements is still very difficult to discuss. The findings of female figures/statues (Tuzla), in which the character of women and mothers was strongly accentuated, suggests that women had a dominant role in society.
The question of ethnic composition and ethnic differences among the groups that were the driving forces of Neolithic cultures of North-East Bosnia, is not nearly possible to respond based on the today’s degree of exploration. We can only assume that the social community of Neolithic settlements was a collection of blood-related kindred, by the system of matriarchy. If we were to respond to this question, the most acceptable explanation is found in the opinion of A. Benac: “… it is a world that has just been creating a new cosmogony, theogony and a worldview …” (Benac, 1966: 65).
As for the religion and cults, as well as burial methods in the area of North-East Bosnia in the Neolithic Age, we do not have any significant data. In fact, Neolithic necropolises have not yet been discovered in the whole territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Only sporadic burial instances within the settlement were detected.
At the beginning of the new era, the eneolites, new immigrant groups brought a new way of living, habitats, customs and business. It seems that the Neolithic settlements of North-East Bosnia continue with traditional life, suggesting that they remained in the hinterland, outside the main streams of these new movements, or such a perception is in fact the result of insufficient exploration.