The Archaeological park – Neolithic Settlement

Because of too many modest architectural remains, it is not possible to speak of the Neolithic habitat, except for the fact that over ground houses were certainly used. In terms of constructional remains it is certain to mention the fireplace in the open space between the houses, for which B. Čović thinks it has been used for a long time (Čović, 1961: 87).

The tools that were in use included glaze molded and tongue-shaped axes, knotted blades, scrapers and small trapezoidal, fine-retouched tools. As for the bone material, finely glazed neck bones were found (Table II, Figures 1 to 7).

 

Ceramic material is represented by rough, monochromatic and painted objects. The rough pottery is made of poorly cleaned soil, often with a glaze coating. Thick walls are gray, brown, red or brown, and are often double-glazed. The shape of the dishes, usually 15 to 30 cm in height and sometimes over 50 cm, leave the globe shape, and are very rarely with brady, tunnel or ribbon handles (Table I, Fig. 4 to Fig. 9). Ceramics shaped in this manner are most often decorated with barbotine techniques, while the impresso decoration is fairly rare and never on large dishes. The engraved ornamentation appears very rarely, only on two items (Table I, Figure 8, Table III, Figure 4), while finger and nail prints more found more frequently.

 

Monochrome ceramics are well baked and it can be said that it is better cleaned though it carries sand traces, especially in larger dishes. The dishes are coated on both sides, dominated by a light brown tone. The most common form is semi-globe shaped dishes on a hollow foot, which ranges from the bell to the ring shape (Figure 1). Globe-shaped vessel/dishes with shorter or longer cylindrical neck are also represented. Three different feet of the altar also belong to this type of pottery (Figure 2).

 

                                      

      Figure 1. Semi-globe shaped dishes (stratum VI), Gornja Tuzla             Figure 2. The altar foot (stratum VI), Gornja Tuzla

 

The painted ceramics are numerous and varied in shape, but they are ornamented exclusively with dark paint on a light basis, with the use of straightening ornament only (table IV). By form and facture, the ceramics does not differ from monochromatic one. There are half-globe-shaped smaller dishes with flat bottom and globe-shaped dishes with cylindrical neck, usually of larger dimensions (Figure 3).

 

Figure 3. Pito, (stratum VI), Gornja Tuzla

By comparing the ceramics discovered in this stratum, it was found that they are genetically linked primarily to the tesalsko sesklo culture, while the painted pottery is in direct link with the final phase of the sesklo culture, which is parallel to the beginning of the expansion of Dimini in Tesalija (Čović, 1959: 6-7 .).

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