The locality of Tuzla and the wider area is the region of North-East Bosnia, which geographically occupies the corner space formed by the Sava river in the north, and the Drina river in the east, and the Srebrenica – Javor mountain area in the south, the hills of Konjuh and Ozren in the south-west and Gračanica area to the firth of Tolisa in the west. The central part of the region is occupied by the town of Tuzla along with the Tuzla basin.
Such a bordered region consists of different geomorphological contents.
From the Posavina valley, through Majevica hills, the terrain rises up to the south to reach the heights of the Javor and Konjuh mountain peaks.
The area is largely built of geologically younger sedimentary, but from an economic standpoint this is very important for the development of human communities from prehistory to nowadays: salt, silver, lead, coal, etc.
This part of Bosnia is characterized by a moderate continental climate, with certain specificities that are caused by geographical position, landscape, the vicinity of the Pannonian Basin, Bosnian mountain central massif and the Adriatic Sea.
The hilly and mountainous configuration of landscape, the specificity of the climate, the abundance of forests, wildlife and pastures, the fertile river valleys, the mineral treasures, and other riches that this re has always been abundant in, represented ideal conditions for people’s lives, economic activities, and for other forms of material and spiritual culture.
Thanks to its exceptional geostrategic position, the North-East Bosnia is abundant in rich and diverse archaeological material from different human communities that have lived here or traveled through, from Asia to Europe and vice versa, throughout all historical periods.